Oil loses early gains, but still well supported
Oil prices weakened following early gains on Wednesday, but remained underpinned by tightening supply and strong global demand.
Tighter fundamentals have lifted both crude futures benchmarks about 13 percent above levels in early December, helped by production curbs by OPEC and Russia, as well as by healthy demand growth.
Brent crude futures
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures
“Currently there is no reason to believe that there has been a significant change in the underlying fundamental sentiment and the sell-off is, so far, viewed as a technical correction,” said Tamas Varga, analyst with PVM Oil Associates in London.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and Russia have been curbing production since January last year and the cuts are set to last through 2018.
The curbs have coincided with healthy demand and solid economic growth, and as a result the market has tightened, helping to push prices up more than 50 percent from June 2017.
But markets may come under pressure from rising U.S. production, analysts say.
On Tuesday, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said it expected the country’s oil output to rise in February, with production from shale rising by 111,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 6.55 million bpd.
U.S. crude output
Norbert Ruecker, head of commodity research at Swiss bank Julius Baer, also said that “hedge fund expectations for further rising prices have reached excessive levels,” threatening prices.
Money managers have raised the bullish positions in WTI and Brent crude futures and options to a record, according to data from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Intercontinental Exchange.
BMI Research said seasonally high refining run rates from the northern hemisphere winter season were set to fall substantially as the end of winter approaches.
Brent spot crude futures contracts have already moved out of winter, now trading for March delivery.
“This will act as a substantial drag on global crude demand in Q1 and feeds into our bearish short-term outlook on Brent,” BMI said.
(Graphic for U.S. oil production soars on surging shale, click http://tmsnrt.rs/2DrO0Rm)
(Additional reporting by Henning Gloystein in Singapore, editing by David Evans)
By Libby George