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Vijay Mallya custody sought: India's extradition rate 36% in last 15 years

by April 25, 2017 General

The government seeks custody of liquor baron from the UK, but India’s success rate at has been no more than 36% over 15 years, according to this report by, a data journalism portal. This means India managed one of every three sought.

While 62 fugitives have been extradited to India from a foreign country between 2002 and 2016, 110 fugitives are yet to be extradited though a formal request has been made by India, according to an answer to the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) on December 6, 2016, Factly reported.

Mallya was arrested by the Yard–and released on bail–on April 18, 2017, in connection with an request filed by India on February 8, 2017. The government has sent the request to the concerned court, and the arrest marks the beginning of the process of

Mallya is wanted in several cases related to economic offences in India. The now-defunct Kingfisher Airlines that he set up owes over Rs 9,000 crore to state-owned and private banks, as The Indian Express reported on April 18, 2017.

There were 16 requests pending with as of July 2016, according to this answer to the Lok Sabha. Only one fugitive has been extradited from UK–Samirbhai Vinubhai Patel, an Indian citizen, for murder; the came in October 2016, 23 years after India’s treaty with the came into force in 1993.

Source: Ministry of External Affairs; As of December 7, 2016

The highest extraditions happened from UAE (18), followed by USA (9). While four each were extradited from Canada and Thailand, three have been extradited from Germany and South Africa.

India has signed treaties with 47 countries.
Countries India Has Treaties With
Afghanistan Canada Kuwait Portugal Turkey
Australia Chile Malaysia Republic of Korea UAE
Azerbaijan Egypt Mauritius Russia UK
Bahrain France Mexico Saudi Arabia Ukraine
Bangladesh Germany Mongolia South Africa USA
Belarus Hong Kong Nepal Spain Uzbekistan
Belgium Indonesia Netherlands Switzerland Vietnam
Bhutan Iran Oman Tajikistan  
Brazil Israel Philippines Thailand  
Bulgaria Kazakhstan Poland Tunisia  

Source: Ministry of External Affairs

India also has arrangements with nine other countries–Croatia, Fiji, Italy, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Sweden and Tanzania.

A request for can be initiated against a fugitive criminal who is formally accused of, charged with or convicted of an offence. The ministry of external affairs (MEA) takes up requests with the concerned foreign countries when a request for is received from the relevant law enforcement agencies in India.

All requests should be supported by documents and information as prescribed by the MEA guidelines. It has to be noted that each request is different and the request is dependent on the specific treaty/agreement signed with a country. The offence should also be defined in the list of the offences.


Source: Ministry of External Affairs

What are the offences defined in the treaty with UK?

The treaty signed in 1993 with the defines the scope of the offence as one which is punishable by law for a term of imprisonment of at least one year. The treaty does not classify political offences as offences but it provides an exhaustive list of offences that will not be treated as a political offence.


Source: India’s extradition treaty with UK

Most fugitives extradited in 2005

The most (8) fugitives were extradited in 2005 followed by seven each in 2003 and 2004. Six fugitives were extradited in 2015 during the rule of the current government.

Source: Ministry of External Affairs; As of December 7, 2016

Most people extradited for murder & terrorism-related offences

Out of the 62 fugitives extradited since 2002, 14 were extradited for murder-related offences and 10 for offences related to criminal conspiracy.

As many as nine fugitives were extradited for terrorism-related offences, including three of them from the UAE, in relation to the Mumbai bomb blasts in 1993.

Source: Ministry of External Affairs; As of December 7, 2016

(Dubbudu has been working on issues related to the Right to Information for a decade. He is a data/information enthusiast & is passionate about governance/policy issues. is dedicated to making public data meaningful.)

Republished with permission from, a data-driven, public-interest journalism non-profit organisation. You can read the original article here